Western African Kingdoms (Ghana,Mali and Songhay)

The story of Africa – West African Kingdom

The Kingdoms of Mali and Songhay

Mali

songhay

Western African Kingdom

Bibliography and source :

The history and description of Africa (By Leo Africanus)

Muqqadimah – Ibn Kaldun : The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History

Precolonial Black Africa

General History of Africa – Volume IV – Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century

General History of Africa – Volume V – Africa from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century

Songhai, African Empire, 15-16th Century

Timbuktu and the Songhay Empire: Al-Sa’Di’s Ta’Rikh Al-Sudan Down to 1613

Timbuktu Chronicles 1493-1599, Ta’rikh al Fattash

ISLAM IN AFRICA

AFRICAN KINGDOMS
www.ocs.cnyric.org/webpages/phyland/files/african kingdoms.pdf

Mansa Musa: Ruler of Ancient Mali

ooks&ie=UTF8&qid=1366682663&sr=1-2&keywords=mansa+musa

Ibn Battuta In Black Africa

The Royal Kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay: Life in Medieval Africa

Kingdom of Ghana

African timeline

ANCIENT AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS TO ca. 1500

Ghana

Kanem

Hausa States

Asante

Ife and Benin

Swahili coast

source